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The Turkish Riviera

Famous with its historical riches and natural beauties, Antalya is the most important tourism center of Turkey. The region is blessed with sunshine 300 days a year.

Some of the natural beauties that make the region "The Turkish Riviera" include magnificent beaches, natural caves, waterfalls and the rich flora, ranging from the tropical plants of the coastal line up to the thick forests of the mountains.

Along the 630-km-long coast of Antalya, with the cleanest waters in the Mediterranean, ancient cities and har- bors, kings' tombs (sarcophagi), beautiful bays, beaches, forests and rivers lie one after another. Nature and his- tory, in unique harmony, exhibit extraordinary beauties.

Four seasons in a day
The geographical features of the region permit experiencing extremely different weather conditions during a day's course, the Western Taurus range which rises from the coast line up to heights over 3000 meters creating not only amazing scenery, but also giving opportunity for sports activities normally performed in different seasons.
Just to give an example, in certain times of the year, it is possible to go skiing in Saklıkent (at Beydağlar., 60 km from Antalya), after swimming in the warm waters of the Mediterranean.
Fifty thousand years ago...
Antalya is one of the oldest inhabited places in Anatolia.
Archeological findings dating back to Paleolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic, Chalcolithic and Bronze ages discovered in Karain Cave (30 km northwest of Antalya) show that the region had been inhabited 50 thousand years ago.
A parade of civilizations
Between 1900-1400 BCE, the region was under the rule of Arzava Kingdom, which, from time to time, was under the hegemony of the Hittites. After the destruction of Arzava Kingdom and the Hittite Empire by the "sea tribes", city states were founded in the region. Antalya first went under the rule of the Lydians, and then the Persians. During the second half of the 4th century BCE, Alexander the Great invaded the region, and after him came the Seleucid rule.
Nearly 100 of the many cities and habitations established in the wake of two major waves of immigration in 12th and 8th centuries BCE lie within the borders of Antalya province, which comprises the whole Pamphylia, southern Pysidia, western parts of Anatolian Isauria and Cilicia, and the eastern Lycia of antiquity.
From Attaleia to Antalya
In the 2nd century BCE, Roman hegemony had been established in the area; the western part being under Rhodesean and the central part under Pergamese rule. King Attalos II Philadelphos of Pergamon used the natural harbor of Antalya as a base and rebuilt the city, hence the name Attaleia, which later took the forms Adalia, Adalya, and finally Antalya. After the Kingdom of Pergamon was taken over by Romans, the vicinity fell prey to the pirates, who were exterminated by Pompeius in 65 BCE; and then became one of the centers for the spread of Christian faith in Anatolia. An archdiocese under Byzantine empire, the city and its surroundings were raided by Arabian armies from the 7th century, CE, on.
Seljuk and Ottoman period
The region was taken by force in 1085 by Suleiman Shah of Seljuk dynasty and changed hands between the Byzantine and Anatolian Seljuk states several times. By the beginning of 14th century CE, the region was under the rule of Hamidogullari. Part of the region joined the Ottoman Empire in 1423, and Alanya followed in 1471. In the end of 19th century, the region was part of Teke county under the province of Konya.
The city was invaded by Italians between 1919 and 1921; and became a provincial center after the Turkish Republic was declared.
A modern international center
Antalya of our times is not only the most important tourism center with its avenues decorated with palm trees, its international award-winning marina and its traditional and modern buildings; but more and more becoming an internationally renowned center.
The city, which hosts numerous national and international organizations ranging from artistic and cultural activities like the oldest living film festival of Turkey, the Golden Orange, and Aspendos Opera and Ballet Festival to various sports including golf, beach volley, triathlon, skiing, sailing and trekking and to scientific meetings, generously entertains its guests, combining the advantages of its unique natural and historical heritage with the features of modern city life.

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